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Attracting Wildlife to Your Back Yard

A Guide to Increasing Wildlife Diversity and Aesthetic Value Around Your Home

Appendix A. Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Ground Cover Recommendations for North Dakota Provided by North Dakota State Forest Service


Species Latin Name Diameter Height Site Use Availability Wildlife Rating Wildlife Features Season Comments
CONIFEROUS TREES
Ponderosa Pine Pinus ponderosa 25-30 50-70 ALL S, ST, B C, NC F C, F Y  
Black Hills Spruce Picea glauca var. densata 15-25 30-60 ALL S, ST, B C, NC F C, F Y  
Blue Spruce Picea pungens 15-25 30-65 ALL S, ST, B C, NC G C, F Y  
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana 15-30 30-45 ALL S, O, B C, NC G C, F Y  
Rocky Mountain Juniper Juniperus scopulorum 12-20 30-40 ALL S, O, B C, NC G C, F Y  
DECIDUOUS TREES
American Linden Tilia americana 30-50 50-70 FAV B, ST C G C, F S Seeds drop with leaves
Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa 35-60 40-70 ALL S, ST, B C, NC EX N S, F Underutilized
Green Ash Faxinus pensylvanica 30-40 35-65 ALL S, ST, B C, NC G C, F S, F Reliable, but overplanted
Hackberry Celtic occidentalis 20-45 40-60 ALL S, ST, B C, NC G C, F, B S, F, W Berries persist into winter
Black Cherry Prunus serotina 30-50 35-60 SEL O C EX C, F, B S, F For trial in selected sites
Black Walnut Juglans nigra 30-50 30-60 SEL S, ST, B NC EX C, N S, F Nut drop may be bothersome
Boxelder Acer negundo 30-40 30-55 ALL S, ST, B C F C S, W Plant male cultivers to avoid problem with boxelder bugs
Paper Birch Betula papyriefera 20-40 20-40 FAV ST C EX C, F S, F, W Subject to drought injury and bronze birch borer
Ohio Buckeye Aesculus glabra 20-35 20-25 FAV B, ST C EX C, N S, F Nut drop may be bothersome
Amur Chokecherry Prunus maacckii NA 20-25 ALL B, O C EX C, F S, F Copper colored bark
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 10-20 20-25 ALL B, O C EX C, F S, F Edible fruit, suckers badly, subject to blacknot
Siberian Crab Malus baccata NA 15-30 ALL O NC G C, F, B S, F, W Variety "Midwest" excellent
Mountain Ash Sorbus sp. 10-20 15-25 FAV B, O C EX C, F S, F, N Bark is subject to sunscald
Flowering Crab Malus sp. NA 15-20 ALL O C G C, F, B S, F, W Many varieties, plant Zone 2, selection for exposed sites
Amur Maple Acer ginnala 15-20 15-20 ALL B, O C, NC   C, F S, F Drought hardy
Hawthorne Crateagus sp. 8-10 15-20 ALL O C, NC EX C, F S, F, W Several species
Pincherry Prunus pennsylvanica NA 15-20 FAV O U EX C, F S, F  
Thornless Cockspur Hawthorne Crateagus crusgalli inermis NA   FAV O C EX C, F S, F, W Fruits heavily, don't plant over sidwalks
SHRUBS
Amur Maple Acer ginnala 15-20 15 ALL B, N, OS C, NC EX C, F S, F, W Red fall color, leaves and seeds
Buffaloberry Sheperdia argentea 8-14 20-25 ALL B, N, OS C, NC EX C, F S, F, W Female plants produce heavy berry crops, must have males for pollination
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 10-20   ALL B, N NC EX C, F S, F Subject to blacknot amd western X disease
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago 8-12 10-15 FAV B, H, OS C, NC EX C, F S, F Red fall color, clusters of blue berries
Schubert Chokecherry or Canada Red Cherry Prunus virginiana 10-20 12-25 ALL B, H, OS C, NC EX C, F S, F A horticultural variety of chokecherry, suckers
Snowbird Hawthorne Crateagus sp. 8-10 15 ALL B, H, OS C EX C, F S, F Most hawathornes are excellent wildlife plants
American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum 8-12 10 FALL B, H, OS C, NC EX C, F S, F, W Fruit persists into winter
American Plum Prunus americana 8-10 10 ALL B, H NC EX C, F S, F Not long lived, fruit production not reliable
Juneberry Amelanchier alnifolia 5-12 10 FAV B, H, OS C, NC EX C, F S, F Selected varieties for fruit production
Lilac Syringa sp. 6-12 10 ALL B, H, OS C, NC F C S Several species and cultivars, attractive to butterflies and bees
Amur Honeysuckle Lonicera maaki 10-14 8 ALL B, H NC F C, F S Several species and cultivars similar
Cotoneaster Cotoneaster acutifolia 8-10 8 ALL B, H, OS C, NC G C, F S, F Red fall color
Dwarf Amur Maple Acer ginnolla 2-4 8 ALL F, B, OS C G C, F S, W Red fall color
Nanking Cherry Prunum tomentosa 6-10 8 FAV B, H C, NC G C, F S, F Short lived
Red Osier Dogwood Cornus stolonifera 10-15 8 FAV B, H, OS NC F C, F S, F Our native species of dogwood
Red Twigged Dogwood Cornus sp. 10-15 8 FAV B, H, OS C F C, F S, F Several commercial species and selections
Smooth Sumac Rhus glabra 10-15 8 ALL B, H, OS C, NC G C, F S, F, W Red fall color
American Hazel Corylus americana NA 7 FAV B, H, OS N, C EX C, N S, F Our only nut producing shrub, underutilized, red-bronze colors
Black Chokecherry Aronia melanocarpa NA 6 SEL B, H C EX C, F S, F For trial in selected sites
Golden Currant Ribes cooratum NA 6 FAV B, H NC G C, F S, F Edible fruit
Hansen Hedge Rose Rosa sp. 4-6 4-6 ALL B, H NC EX C, F S, F, W Fruits persist into winter
Mongolian Cherry Prunus fruticosa 3-6 6 ALL B, H NC EX C, F S, F Suckers, forms thickets
Alpine Currant Ribes alpinum 3-6 5 ALL B, H, F C G C S Shade tolerant
Ill Scented or Skunkbrush Sumac Rhus trilobata 4-10 3-8 ALL B, H NC F C S, F, W Red fall color
Rugosa Rose Rusa rugosa NA 4 FAV B, H, F C EX C, F S, F, W Fruits persist into winter
Woods Rose and Wild Prairie Rose Rosa sp. 4-6 4 ALL B, H, F NC EX C, F S, F, W Several species, fruits persist into winter
Sandcherry Prunus bessyi 3-6 4 FAV B, H NC EX C, F S, F Short lived, not vigorous
Raspberry Rubus sp. NA 3 SEL B, H C, NC EX C, F S, F Commercial varieties for fruit
Snowberry, Wolfberry Symphoricarpos sp. NA 3 ALL B, H, F NC G C, F S, F, W Berries persist into winter
VINES
Virginia Creeper Pathencissus quinquefolia NA Large FAV C, NC EX C, F C, F S, F Turns scarlet red in early fall
Wild Grape Vitus vulpina NA Large FAV Vine NC EX C, F S, F, W Makes good jelly
American Bittersweet Celastrus scandens NA Medium FAV Vine C, NC EX C, F S, F, W Orange seed capsules split to expose red seed, persist into winter, male and female required to set fruit
Scarlet Trumpet or Dropemore Honeysuckle Lonicera hirsuta

XL. sempervirens

NA Small FAV Vine C EX C S Flower favored by hummingbirds and orioles
GROUND COVER BEARBERRY
(And Other Hawthornes Artostaphyols UVA-URI NA Low FAV   U, NC   F S, F Shade tolerant
ALL - All sites.	B - Boulevards.			C - Commercial nurseries.
FAV - More Favorable.	S - Shelterbelts/windbreaks.	NC - Non-commercial      
SEL - Selected sites.   O - Ornamental for yard.             state owned nurseries.
EX - Excellent.         ST - Shade tree                 U - Uncommon, requires
G - Good.               C - Cover.                      S - Spring.          
F - Fair.               F - Food.                       F - Fall.
B - Butterflies,moths,  H - Hummingbirds and orioles.   W - Winter.
    bees.               N - Nuts or acorns.             Y - Year around.

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