USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Lewis and Clark in North Dakota:
Wildlife Then & Now


Black Tail Deer (Mule Deer) Past Mule Deer Distribution Map of North Dakota Present Mule Deer Distribution Map of North Dakota
Key for Maps

Black Tail Deer (Mule Deer)

The mule deer was first named and described by Lewis and Clark. Presettlement distributions of mule deer in North Dakota were probably similar to what is found today. The primary range of this animal has always been the Little Missouri badlands but they were found in lower numbers on the prairie as far east as the Missouri River, with a few small isolated herds located north and east of the Missouri River.

As with all big game species, mule deer were nearly extirpated from the state. By 1900 only a handful were left in remote corners of the badlands. Mule deer can now be found throughout the badlands, along the breaks of the Missouri River, and in small scattered populations south and west of the Missouri River. Some habitat has been converted and lost for this species, but all things considered, we are probably close to presettlement numbers of mule deer in the state.

Previous Section -- Ibex or Bighorn Animals (Bighorn Sheep)
Return to Contents
Next Section -- Fallow, Red or Common Deer (White-tailed Deer)

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 07:29:36 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww54]