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Endangered and Threatened Species Recovery Program

Endangered Species Recovery Appropriations


Funding authorizations by Congress to support the Service's recovery program have increased since the 1988 amendments. Funds enacted for FY 1991 and FY 1992 along with designated Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) positions are shown below.

Subactivity FY 1991 ($/FTEs) FY 1992 ($/FTEs)
Listing4,325,000/667,467,000/100
Consultation5,267,000/938,131,000/127
Permits910,000/241,199,000/25
Recovery14,875,000/13018,924,000/164
Law Enforcement8,811,000/16110,340,000/160
Fisheries163,000/3163,000/3
Research7,577,000/757,845,000/80
Grants to States6,674,000/06,620,000/8
Total48,602,000/55260,689,000/667

In FY 1991 and FY 1992, recovery represented approximately 31 percent of the Service's total endangered species budget. Specific recovery activities either directed by Congress or earmarked by the Fish and Wildlife Service included:

Fiscal Year 1991
$110,000Kirtland's warbler
$410,000Grizzly bear
$567,000Peregrine falcon
$497,000California condor
$563,000Sea turtles
$386,000Southern sea otter
$75,000Hawaiian birds
$730,000Rocky Mountain wolf (Animal
Damage Control included)
$795,000Puerto Rican parrot
$237,000Cui-ui
$457,000Whooping Crane
$160,000Black-footed ferret
$1,118,000Plants
$149,000Florida panther
$229,000West Indian manatee
$395,000Aleutian Canada goose
$574,000Bruneau hot springsnail
$1,844,000Northern spotted owl
$209,000Desert tortoise
$665,000Red wolf
$624,000Upper Colorado River fishes
$300,000Hawaiian species
$11,194,000 Total Earmarks and Directives
Total FY 1991 Recovery Appropriations = $14,875,000

Fiscal Year 1992
$77,000Kirtland's warbler
$590,000Grizzly bear
$607,000Peregrine falcon
$606,000California condor
$563,000Sea turtles
$339,000Southern sea otter
$255,000Hawaiian birds
$849,000Rocky Mountain wolf (Animal
Damage Control included)
$680,000Puerto Rican parrot
$143,000Cui-ui
$460,000Whooping crane
$280,000Black-footed ferret
$1,003,000Plants
$74,000Florida panther
$281,000West Indian manatee
$395,000Aleutian Canada goose
$132,000Bruneau hot springsnail
$2,754,000Northern spotted owl
$286,000Desert tortoise
$665,000Red wolf
$624,000Upper Colorado River fishes
$395,000Pacific Islands
$12,058,000 Total Earmarks and Directives
Total FY 1992 Recovery Appropriations = $18,924,000

These directives and earmarks represented 75 percent and 64 percent of the total recovery appropriation in FY 1991 and FY 1992, respectively.


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