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Prairie Ecosystems: Wetland Ecology, Management and Restoration

9-13 August 1993
Jamestown North Dakota

Wetland Symposium

ABSTRACTS

SPONSORED BY:
NORTHERN PRAIRIE WILDLIFE RESEARCH CENTER (Host)
NORTH DAKOTA CHAPTER OF THE WILDLIFE SOCIETY
NORTH DAKOTA CHAPTER OF THE SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY
NORTH DAKOTA GAME AND FISH DEPARTMENT
U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, REGION 3, 6, AND 8
DUCKS UNLIMITED'S INSTITUTE FOR WETLAND AND WATERFOWL RESEARCH

This resource is based on the following source:
No Author.  1993.  Prairie Ecosystems: Wetland Ecology, Management and
     Restoration.  Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (Host),
     North Dakota Chapter of the Wildlife Society, North Dakota
     Chapter of the Soil and Water Conservation Society, North Dakota
     Game and Fish Department, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Fish
     and Wildlife Service, Region 3, 6, and 8, Ducks Unlimited's
     Institute for Wetland and Waterfowl Research. 53pp.
This resource should be cited as:
No Author.  1993.  Prairie Ecosystems: Wetland Ecology, Management and
     Restoration.  Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (Host),
     North Dakota Chapter of the Wildlife Society, North Dakota
     Chapter of the Soil and Water Conservation Society, North Dakota
     Game and Fish Department, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Fish
     and Wildlife Service, Region 3, 6, and 8, Ducks Unlimited's
     Institute for Wetland and Waterfowl Research.
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. 
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/wetlands/wetsympo/index.htm
     (Version 16JUL98).

NOTE: The enclosed abstracts were reformatted but otherwise printed as provided by authors except for minor editing for style and syntax. Information contained herein should not be cited without first obtaining author approval.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Conservation and Management Aspects of Kolleru Wetland Habitat in Andhra Pradesh, India
MATLAPUDI ANJANEYULU, V. NAGULU,V. VASUDEVA RAO, MERAB JOHNSON, AND J. V. RAMANA RAO

1992 Wetlands Reserve Program Pilot Project: Results, Challenges and Opportunities for the Future
FRANKLIN J. ARNOLD, III AND LANCE R. KUESTER

Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Evaluate Marsh Management Techniques
DAVID L. BERGMAN, GEORGE M. LINZ, AND WILLIAM J. BLEIER

Effects of Cattail Management on Avian Diversity and Abundance
DAGE C. BLIXT, GEORGE M. LINZ, DAVID L. BERGMAN, AND WILLIAM J. BLEIER

Section 404 Enforcement and the Protection of Wetlands
JOHN M. BRINK

Crane Ecology on the Wetland of Wuyuer River's Lower Reaches, China
GUOJUN CHEN AND LI LIN

Muskrat - Habitat Relationships In Managed Wetlands at Delta, Manitoba
WILLIAM R. CLARK

Monitoring Wetland Change with Aerial Video
LEWIS M. COWARDIN AND HAROLD T. SKLEBAR

Waterfowl Use of Created Wetlands for Highway Mitigation Projects in North Dakota
RICHARD D. CRAWFORD, KAREN Y. KREIL, AND RANDY L. KREIL

The North Dakota Department of Transportation's Wetland Mitigation Process
PATSY J. CROOKE AND LEON F. ECKROTH

Fate and Effects of Atrazine in Wetland Mesocosms
NAOMI E. DETENBECK, ROGER HERMANUTZ, KATHLEEN ALLEN, AND MICHAEL SWIFT

Assessing Ecological Risk of Agrichemical and Sediment Inputs to Prairie Potholes: Experimental Approaches of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Wetland Function Project
NAOMI E. DETENBECK, WILLIAM D. SANVILLE, DEBRA L. TAYLOR, AND DOUGLAS A. JENSEN

Bird Communities on Restored Wetlands in Iowa
JAMES J. DINSMORE, KRISTIN VANREES-SIEWERT, AND JULIE A. SCHREIBER

Aquatic Invertebrate Production in Northern Prairie Wetlands
WALTER G. DUFFY AND CHERI S. BIRKELO

Wetland Loss in Aspen Parkland of Saskatchewan
DAVID C. DUNCAN AND JORDAN IGNATIUK

Use of Prairie Wetlands by Arctic-nesting Sandpipers
JAN L. ELDRIDGE AND GARY L. KRAPU

The National Wetlands Inventory
RON E. ERICKSON AND CHUCK R. ELLIOTT

The Saskatoon Southeast System: A Prairie Oasis
KIM H. ESKOWICH

Use of Macroinvertebrates to Identify and Delineate Temporary and Seasonal Wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region
NED H. EULISS, JR., DAVID M. MUSHET, AND DOUGLAS H. JOHNSON

Preliminary findings from the Environmental Monitoring Assessment Program (EMAP)-Wetlands Soils Data, Northern Prairie Pothole Region
JOHN A. FREELAND, LYNN A. FOSS, AND J. L. RICHARDSON

The Drainage of Saskatchewan's Wetlands
GERALD A. FULLER

Effects of Triclopyr Amine Herbicide on Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) and Non-target Wetland Plants
T. SHANE GABOR, TIP HAAGSMA, HENRY R. MURKIN, AND ERLING ARMSON

A Functional Assessment of Restored Prairie Wetlands and Implications for Restoration Programs
SUSAN M. GALATOWITSCH

Water Budget Model of a Prairie Discharge Wetland
PHILIP J. GERLA

Algal Primary Production as an Index of Wetland Quality for Breeding Waterfowl
MARK L. GLOUTNEY

Manitoba's Habitat Enhancement Land Use Program (HELP): A Pilot Project of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan
HERB D. GOULDEN, ROY A. BULLION, AND ROBERT E. JONES

Wetlands: The Wisconsin Experience
TIM GRUNEWALD, TODD PETERSON, AND HARVEY HALVORSEN

Developing Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment
DONALD A. HAMMER

Waterfowl and Bait Fish in Prairie Wetlands: Is There Evidence for Competition?
MARK A. HANSON

Managing Wetlands for Shorebirds
DOUGLAS L. HELMERS

Valuation, Inventory, and Biological Assessment of Prairie Wetlands: 15 Years of Research at South Dakota State University
KENNETH F. HIGGINS, CHARLES R. BERRY, JR., DANIEL E. HUBBARD, LESTER D. FLAKE, M. L. KJELLSEN, AND REX R. JOHNSON

Population Response of Ring-Necked Pheasants to Cattail Fragmentation in North Dakota
H. JEFFREY HOMAN, WILLIAM J. BLEIER, AND GEORGE M. LINZ

Drought-Proofing Wetlands on the Mixed Grass Prairie of Southern Alberta
ED W. HOUCK, K. K. KACZANOWSKI, AND D. M. WATSON

Dollar Values of Prairie Potholes: Two Case Studies
BRETT P. HOVDE AND JAY A. LEITCH

The Role of the Soil Conservation Service in Private Wetlands Conservation and Management
PETER HUSBY AND DAVID D. DEWALD

Transformation and Fate of Nonpoint Source Nitrate Loads in Prairie Pothole Wetlands
THOMAS M. ISENHART AND WILLIAM G. CRUMPTON

Prairie Wetland Restoration and Water Quality Concerns
M. A. JACOBSON, BRENDAN J. CAIN, KEN N. BROOKS, AND JOE MAGNER

Minnesota Wetland Conservation Act of 1991: Overview and No-Net-Loss Goals
JOHN G. JASCHKE AND THOMAS J. LANDWEHR

Water Quality and Wildlife Benefits from a Created Wetland in Southwestern North Dakota
KENT C. JENSEN, TOMMY E. MYERS, KENT LUTTSCHWAGER, AND G. LEROY PHILLIPS

Nesting Structures in Manitoba
ROBERT E. JONES AND ROY A. BULLION

Long Term Changes in Dissolved Nutrients in Small Diked Marshes Subjected to Water Level Changes
JOHN A. KADLEC

Estimating Photic Zone Depths for Management and Restoration of Submerged Macrophytes
RICH KAHL

Law Enforcement in Prairie Ecosystems: Wetlands
DAVID R. KRAFT

The Chase Lake Prairie Project - Four Years of Wetland Restoration, Creation, and Enhancement
STEVEN J. KRESL AND THOMAS M. PABIAN

Potential Impact of CRP on Wetland Restoration, Creation, and Longevity in the Prairie Pothole Region
ARNOLD D. KRUSE

Spatial and Temporal Variability in Chemical Characteristics and Water-Column Biota in the Cottonwood Lake Area Wetlands, North Dakota
JAMES W. LaBAUGH AND GEORGE A. SWANSON

Profile of a Degraded Amphibian Assemblage in the Prairie Pothole Region of Northwestern Iowa
MICHAEL J. LANNOO, KENNETH LANG, TIM WALTZ, AND GARY S. PHILLIPS

Effect of Climate on Water Availability in Northern Prairie Wetlands
DIANE L. LARSON

Dollar Values of Prairie Potholes: Two Case Studies
JAY A. LEITCH AND BRETT P. HOVDE

Occurrence of 2,4-D in a Prairie Stream Tributary to Lake Sakakawea on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota
ROBERT M. LENT, KATHLEEN M. MACEK-ROWLAND, AND KYLE P. BAKER

Variations in Water Quality and Detection of Agricultural Chemicals in Small Lakes and Wetlands Associated with the Warwick Aquifer on the Fort Totten Indian Reservation, North Dakota
ROBERT M. LENT, MICHAEL L. STROBEL, AND OLIVER S. GOURD

Use and Success of Artificial Waterfowl Nesting Structures at Morris Wetland Management District
LARRY E. LEWIS

Limnological Characteristics of Wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region of Western Wisconsin
RICHARD A. LILLIE

Effects of Cattail Management on Nesting Marsh Wrens, Red-winged Blackbirds, and Yellow-headed Blackbirds
GEORGE M. LINZ, DAVID L. BERGMAN, DAGE C. BLIXT, AND WILLIAM J. BLEIER

Wetlands in Agricultural Systems
TOM A. MACHACEK AND DIANE H. RICKERL

Plant Materials Technology for Wetland Restoration and Creation in the Midwest
JOY E. MARBURGER, DAVID W. BURGDORF, M. DARELL DOMINICK, RUSSELL J. HAAS, ERLING T. JACOBSON, AND RICHARD L. WYNIA

North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) Wetland Development Initiatives in the Aspen Parkland Biome of Alberta
JOHN W. MARTIN, IAN M. MCFARLANE, AND DAVID J. MARTZ

Restoration of Prairie Wetlands: Process and Techniques
RICHARD D. McCABE, JOHN C. PETERS, AND TERRY A. MESSMER

Direct and Indirect Impacts of Esfenvalerate on Wetland Biota
WILLIAM F. McCARTHY AND MARY G. HENRY

Evaluation of Created and Reclaimed Wetlands in Wyoming for Waterbird Use
MARK C. McKINSTRY AND STANLEY H. ANDERSON

Response of Breeding Waterfowl and Broods to Glyphosate-treated Wetlands in North Dakota
CURTIS P. McMURL, WILLIAM J. BLEIER, AND GEORGE M. LINZ

The Marsh Ecology Research Program: A Long-term Study on Water Fluctuations in a Northern Prairie Marsh
HENRY R. MURKIN, BRUCE D. J. BATT, PATRICK J. CALDWELL, JOHN A. KADLEC, AND ARNOLD G. VAN DER VALK

Seasonal Abundance and Life Cycles of Chironomids (Diptera:Chironomidae) in Four Prairie Wetlands
RICHARD D. NELSON

Effects of Vegetation Reduction on Aquatic Invertebrates and Water Quality in North Dakota
JOHN D. OVERLAND, WILLIAM J. BLEIER, AND GEORGE M. LINZ

Use of a Simulation Model in Managing a Semipermanent Prairie Wetland
KAREN A. POIANI AND W. CARTER JOHNSON

Soils of Prairie Wetland Edges
J. L. RICHARDSON, JAMES L. ARNDT, AND BRUCE D. SEELIG

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to Merge Wetland Policy and Management
DIANE H. RICKERL, JANET L. GRITZNER, TOM A. MACHACEK, AND GUMERSINTO RIAL

Enhancement of Piping Plover Breeding Habitat at Alkaline Wetlands in North Dakota
BRIAN G. ROOT, MARK R. RYAN, AND KAREN A. SMITH

Climate of the Cottonwood Lake Area, Stutsman County, North Dakota
DONALD O. ROSENBERRY

Factors Affecting the Distribution and Abundance of Aquatic Invertebrates in Northern Prairie Marshes
LISETTE C. M. ROSS AND HENRY R. MURKIN

Thunder Creek Heritage Marsh System
LYLE W. SAIGEON AND BRIAN D. HEPWORTH

Responses of Spikerush (Eleocharis palustris) to Different Water Management Regimes
TOMASZ P. SANKOWSKI, MARGARET J. HAWORTH-BROCKMAN, AND KIM L. SCHMITT

Wetland Conservation and Farming: Is it Time to Look at the Issue From the Other Side of the Fence?
KIM L. SCHMITT AND EARL W. STAMM

Wetland Hydrology of Minelands
PADAM P. SHARMA AND J. L. RICHARDSON

Migrating Shorebirds and Habitat Dynamics in Prairie Wetlands
SUSAN K. SKAGEN AND FRITZ L. KNOPF

Cattail Autecology: A Basis for Management and Control
RICHARD S. SOJDA

A Comparison of Methods for Evaluating Wetland Functions and Values
RAYMOND C. SOLOMON

Hydrogeologic and Anthropogenic Influences on the Occurrence of Saline Wetlands in the Red River of the North Valley, Northeastern North Dakota
MICHAEL L. STROBEL AND PHILIP J. GERLA

Rapid Assessment of the Presence of Water in Prairie Pothole Wetlands Using Airborne Video, a Global Positioning System (GPS), and an Optical Disk Recorder
LAURENCE L. STRONG AND LEWIS M. COWARDIN

Restoring and Creating Artificial Wetlands in Montana
JAMES W. STUTZMAN AND GARY L. SULLIVAN

Biological Inventory and Management of a Multi-purpose Impoundment and Restored Wetland in Northwest Minnesota
W. DANIEL SVEDARSKY, ROSS H. HIER, AND TERRY J. WOLFE

Reconstruction of a Filled Wetland Using 35mm Slides and a PC-based Geographic Information System
FRANKLIN J. SVOBODA

Dynamics of a Prairie Wetland Complex
GEORGE A. SWANSON, NED H. EULISS, JR., AND BRUCE A. HANSON

Evaluation Strategy for the North American Waterfowl Management Plan
MICHAEL W. TOME

Glyphosate Herbicide in Wetland Restoration Projects
RICHARD D. VOTH, M. WAYNE BUGG, AND BRIAN A. MATURA

Regulatory Compliance and Wetland Creation at a Surface Coal Mine in Montana
BRUCE C. WAAGE

Selenium Levels in Fish and Wildlife at Oakes Test Area, A Garrison Diversion Unit Project
DANIEL WELSH, RICHARD D. NELSON, AND MICHAEL M. OLSON

Contaminant Levels in Waterfowl on National Wildlife Refuges in North Dakota
DANIEL WELSH AND MICHAEL M. OLSON

Wetland Management in the Peace River Region of Alberta, the Most Northerly Parkland Habitat in Canada
MICHAEL J. WILLIAMS

Geologic and Hydrologic Setting of the Cottonwood Lake Area, Stutsman County, North Dakota
THOMAS C. WINTER

Decomposition of Plant Litter Following Reflooding of a Dry Northern Prairie Marsh
DALE A. WRUBLESKI, HENRY R. MURKIN, JEFFREY W. NELSON, AND ARNOLD G. VAN DER VALK

Waterfowl Use of Restored Wetlands in Iowa
GUY G. ZENNER AND THEODORE G. LAGRANGE

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