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Effects of Section 404 Permits on Wetlands in North Dakota

Table 5

Table 5. Recommended stipulations by federal and state resource agencies for 16 individual permits for discharges of fill material into wetlands under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and their acceptance by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as special conditions of the permit; prairie pothole region of North Dakota, 1987 - 1991. Parenthetical entries are percentages.

Recommended stipulationsAcceptedNot acceptedNot accepted but addressedaTotal
Construction protocols6 (60)2 (20)2 (20)10
Hydrologic management and control6 (60)3 (30)1 (10)10
Dredged and fill material management8 (89)01 (11)9
Vegetation management and erosion control8 (89)1 (11)09
Fish and wildlife management7 (88)1 (12)08
Agency consultationb002 (100)2
Wetland restoration or creation2 (100)002
Total37 (74)7 (14)6 (12)50
aIncludes recommendations that the corps did not accept but that the applicant addressed during the permitting process.
bFor example, obtaining information on replanting mixtures from the U.S. Soil Conservation Service.

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