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Wetlands of the United States

Their Extent and Their Value To Waterfowl and Other Wildlife

Glossary of Plant Names


These are the common and scientific names of plants mentioned in this report:

Alders, Alnus
  Red alder, A. rubra

Alkali bulrush, Scirpus paludosus

Alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides

Arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis

Arrowheads, Sagittaria

Arrowgrass, Triglochin maritima

Arrow-arum, Peltandra virginica

Ash, Black, Fraxinus nigra

Balsam, Abies balsamea

Basket willows, Salix viminalis and others

Beakrushes, Rhynchospora

Black ash, Fraxinus nigra

Black mangrove, Avicennia nitida

Black spruce, Picea mariana

Blackrush, Juncus gerardi

Blueberries, Vaccinium

Bulrushes, Scirpus
  Alkali bulrush, S. paludous
  Hardstem b., S. acutus
  Nevada b., S. nevadensis

Burreed, Giant, Sparganium eurycarpum

Burro-weed, Allenrolfea occidentalis

Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

Canary-grass, Reed, Phalaris arundinacea

Cane, Arundinaria

Carex, Carex 

Cattails, Typha   

Chainfern, Virginia, Woodwardia virginica

Chufa, Cyperus esculentus

Cockleburs, Xanthium

Coontail, Ceratophyllum demersum

Cordgrasses, Spartina
  Baker cordgrass, S. bakeri
  Big c., S. cynosuroides
  Prairie c., S. pectinata
  Saltniarsh c., S. alterniflora
  Saltmeadow c., S. patens

Cottongrass, Eriophorum

Cranberries, Vaccinium (Oxycoccos)

Cutgrass, Rice, Leersia oryzoides

Cutgrass, Giant, Zizaniopis miliacea

Cyperus, Redroot, Cyperus erythrorhizos

Cypress, Taxodium

Cyrilla, Cyrilla racemiflora

Dogwoods, Cornus

Duckpotatoes, Sagittaria (tuberous species)

Duckweeds, Lemna, Spirodela

Eelgrass, Zostera marina

Elm, Ulmus americana

Fall panicum, Panicum dichotomiflorum

Fleabanes, Saltmarsh, Pluchea

Gallberry, Ilex glabra

Giant burreed, Sparganium eurycarpum

Giant cutgrass, Zizaniopsis miliacea

Glassworts, Salicornia

Gordonia, Gordonia lasianthus

Grass, Saltfist, Monanthochloe littoralis

Grasses, Gramineae

Groundselbush, Baccharis halimifolia

Gums, Nyssa
  Swamp black gum, N. biflora
  Tupelo g., N. aquatica

Hairgrass, Deschampsia

Hardstern bulrush, Scirpus acutus

Heath shrubs, Ericaceae

Hemlock, Western, Tsuga heterophylla

Hickory, Carya

Jaumea, Jaumea

Labrador-tea, Ledum groenlandicum

Leather-leaf, Chamaedaphne calyculata

Maidencane, Panicum hemitomon

Manateegrass, Cymodocea manatorum

Mangrove, Black, Avicennia nitida

Mangrove, Red, Rhizophora mangle

Mannagrasses, Glyceria

Maple, Red, Acer rubrum

Marsh elder, Iva frutescens

Millet, Wild, Echinochloa crusgalli

Mints, Labiatae

Muskgrasses, Chara

Naiads, Najas

Needlerush, Juncus roemerianus

Oak, Overcup, Quercus lyrata

Oak, Water, Quercus nigra

Olney threesquare, Scirpus olneyi

Overcup oak, Quercus lyrata

Panicum, Fall, Panicum dichotomiflorum

Paspalums, Paspalum

Persea, Persea

Pickerelweed, Pontederia

Pine, Pond, Pinus serotina

Pitcher-plants, Sarracenia

Pond pine, Pinus serotina

Pondweeds, Potamogeton
  Sago pondweed, P. pectinatus

Prairie cordgrass, Spartina pectinata

Ragweed, Ambrosia

Red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle

Red maple, Acer rubrum

Redroot cyperus, Cyperus erythrorhizos

Redtop, Agrostis alba

Reed, Phragmites communis

Reed canary-grass, Phalaris arundinacea

Rice, Oryza sativa

Rice cutgrass, Leersia oryzoides

Rushes, Juncaceae

Sago pondweed, Potamogeton pectinatus

Saltbush, Atriplex

Saltflat grass, Monanthochloe littoralis

Saltgrass, Distichlis

Saltmarsh cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora 

Saltmarsh fleabanes, Pluchea

Saltmeadow cordgrass, Spartina patens

Saltwort, Batis maritima

Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense

Seablite, Suaeda

Sedges, Cyperaceae

Shoalgrass, Halodule wrightii

Smartweeds, Polygonum (Persicaria section)
  Dotted smartweed, P. punctatum

Spatterdocks, Nuphar

Sphagnum moss, Sphagnum

Spikerushes, Eleocharis

Spruce, Black, Picea mariana

Swamp black gum, Nyssa biflora

Swamp-privet, Forestiera

Sweetbay, Magnolia virginiana

Tamarack, Lariz

Tealgrass, Eragrostis hynoides

Tbreesquares, Scirpus americanus and olneyi
  Olney threesquare, S. olneyi

Tupelo gum, Nyssa aquatica

Turtlegrass, Thalassia testudinum

Virginia chainfern, Woodwardia virginica

Water oak, Ouercus nigra

Water-hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes

Waterlettuce, Pistia stratiotes

Waterlilies, Nymphaea (Castalia)

Watermilfoils, Myriophyllum

Waterprimroses, Jussiaea

Waterweeds, Anacharis

Waxmyrtle, Myrica cerifera

Western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla

Whitetop, Scolochloa festucacea

Wigeongrass, Ruppia maritima

Wild millet, Echinochloa crusgalli

Wildcelery, Vallisneria spiralis

Wildrice, Zizania aquatica

Willows, Salix
  Basket willow, S. viminalis and others


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