USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Effects of Climate on Numbers of Northern Prairie Wetlands

References


Batt, B.D.J., Anderson, M.G., Anderson, C.D. and Caswell, F.D.: 1989, 'The use 
     of prairie potholes by North American ducks', in van der Valk, A. (ed.), 
     Northern Prairie Wetlands, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, 
     pp. 204-227.

Boyd, H.: 1981, 'Prairie dabbling ducks, 1941-1990', Canadian Wildlife Service 
     Wildlife Notes. 

Cess, R.D., Zhang, M.-H., Potter, G.L., Barker, H.W., Colman, R.A., Dazlich, 
     D.A., Del Genio, A.D., Esch, M., Fraser, J.R., Galin, V., Gates, W.L., 
     Hack, J.J., Ingram, W.J., Kiehl, J.T., Lacis, A.A., LeTreut, H., Li, Z.-X., 
     Liang, X.-Z., Mahfouf, J.-F., McAvaney, B.J., Meleshko, V.P., Morcrette, 
     J.-J., Randall, D.A., Roeckner, E., Royer, J.-F., Sokolov, A.P., Sporyshev, 
     P.V., Taylor, K.E., Wang, W.-C. and Wetherald, R.T.: 1993, 'Uncertainties 
     in carbon dioxide radiative forcing in atmospheric general circulation 
     models', Science 262, 1252-1255.

Cushman, R.M. and Spring, P.N.: 1989, 'Differences among model simulations of 
     climate change on the scale of resource regions', Environ. Manage. 13, 
     789-7995.

Eisenlohr, W.S., Jr.: 1972, 'Hydrologic investigations of prairie potholes in 
     North Dakota, 1959-68', U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 585-A.

Golden Software, Inc.: 1991, 'Surfer, Version 4', Golden Software, Inc., Golden,
     Colorado.

Grotch, S.L.: 1988, 'Regional intercomparisons of general circulation model 
     predictions and historical climate data', U.S. Dep. Energy DOE/NBB 0084.

Henny, C.J., Anderson, D.R. and Pospahala, R.S.: 1972, 'Aerial surveys of 
     waterfowl production in North America, 1955-1971', U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. 
     Spec. Sci. Rep. Wildl. 160.

Hogenbirk, J.C., Wein, R.W.: 1991, 'Fire and drought experiments in northern 
     wetlands: a climate change analogue', Can. J. Bot. 69, 1991-1997.

Isaaks, E.H. and Srivastava, R.M.: 1989, 'An introduction to applied 
     geostatistics', Oxford University Press, New York.

Johnson, D.H. and Grier, J.W.: 1988, 'Determinants of breeding distributions of 
     ducks', Wildl. Monogr. 100, 1-37.

Karl, T.R., Heim, R.R., Jr. and Quayle, R.G.: 1991a, 'The greenhouse effect in 
     central North America:  if not now, when?', Science 251, 1058-1061.

Karl, T.R., Kukla, G., Razuvayev, V.N., Changery, M.J., Quayle, R.G., Heim, R.R., 
     Easterling, D.R. and Fu, C.B.: 1991b, 'Global warming: evidence for 
     asymmetric diurnal temperature change', Geophys. Res. Lett. 18, 2253-2256.

Karl, T.R., Williams, C.N., Jr. and Quinlan, F.T.: 1990, 'United States 
     Historical Climatology Network (HCN) serial temperature and precipitation 
     data', Oak Ridge National Laboratory NDP 091/R1.

Kiel, W.H., Jr., Hawkins, A.S. and Perret, N.G.: 1972, 'Waterfowl habitat trends 
     in the aspen parkland of Manitoba', Canadian Wildl. Serv. Rep. Ser. 18.

Larson, D.L.: 1994, 'Potential effects of anthropogenic greenhouse gases on 
     avian habitats and populations in the northern Great Plains', Am. Midl. Nat. 
     131, 330-346.

McCabe, G.J., Jr. and Wolock, D.M.: 1991, 'Detectability of the effects of a 
     hypothetical temperature increase on the Thornthwaite moisture index', 
     J. Hydrol. 125, 25-35.

Meyboom, P.: 1966, 'Unsteady groundwater flow near a willow ring in hummocky 
     moraine', J. Hydrol. 4, 38-62.

National Wetlands Working Group: 1988, 'Wetlands of Canada', Sustainable 
     Development Branch, Environment Canada Ecological Land Classification 
     Series 24.

Overpeck, J.T., Rind, D., and Goldberg, R.: 1990, 'Climate-induced changes in 
     forest disturbance and vegetation', Nature 343, 51-53.

Poiani, K.A. and Johnson, W.C.: 1991, 'Global warming and prairie wetlands:  
     potential consequences for waterfowl habitat', BioScience 41, 611-618.

Poiani, K.A. and Johnson, W.C.: 1993, 'Potential effects of climate change on 
     a semi-permanent prairie wetland', Clim. Change 24, 213-232.

Sargeant, A.B., Greenwood, R.J., Sovada, M.A. and Shaffer, T.L.: 1993, 
     'Distribution and abundance of predators that affect duck production - 
     Prairie Pothole Region', U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Res. Publ. 194.

SAS Institute, Inc.: 1988, 'SAS/STAT User's Guide, Release 6.03 Edition', 
     SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina.

Shjeflo, J.B.: 1968, 'Evapotranspiration and the water budget of prairie 
     potholes in North Dakota', U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 585-B.

Smith, J.B. and Tirpak, D.A.: 1990, 'The Potential Effects of Global Climate 
     Change on the United States', Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York.

Stewart, R.E. and Kantrud, H.A.: 1971, 'Classification of natural ponds and 
     lakes in the glaciated prairie region', U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Resour. 
     Publ. 92.

Winter, T.C.: 1989, 'Hydrologic studies of wetlands in the northern prairie', 
     in Van Der Valk, A. (ed.), Northern Prairie Wetlands, Iowa State University 
     Press, Ames, Iowa, pp. 16-54.

Woo, M.K. and Winter, T.C.: 1993, 'The role of permafrost and seasonal frost in 
     the hydrology of northern wetlands in North America', J. Hydrol. 141, 5-31.


Previous Section -- Discussion
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/wetlands/climwet/ref.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 06:58:06 EST
Menlo Park, CA [caww55]