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Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States

Appendix A


Scientific and Common Names of Plants

 
   Scientific namea                      Common nameb

Acer rubrum L. Red maple Alisma plantago-aquatica L. (Water plantain) Alnus spp. Alders A. rugosa (DuRoi) Spreng. Speckled alder A. tenufolia Nutt. Thinleaf alder Alopecurus aequalis Sobol Foxtail Andromeda glaucophylla Link Bog rosemary Arctophila fulva (Trin.) Anderss. Pendent grass Aristida stricta Michx. (Three-awn) Ascophyllum spp. (Rockweeds) A. nodosum (L.) LeJol. Knotted wrack Aulacomnium palustre (Hedw.) Schwaegr. (Moss) Avicennia germinans (L.) L. Black mangrove Azolla spp. Mosquito ferns Baccharis halimifolia L. Sea-myrtle Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fernald Slough grass Betula nana L. Dwarf birch B. pumila L. Bog birch Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel. Water shield Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. Bluejoint Calopogon spp. Grass pinks Caltha palustris L. Marsh marigold Campylium stellatum (Hedw.) C. Jens (Moss) Carex spp. Sedges C. aquatilis Wahlenb. (Sedge) C. atherodes Spreng. Slough sedge C. bipartita All. (Sedge) C. lacustris Willd. (Sedge) C. lasiocarpa Ehrh. (Sedge) C. lyngbyei Hornem. (Sedge) C. paleacea Schreb. ex Wahlenb. (Sedge) C. pluriflora Hulten (Sedge) C. ramenskii Kom. (Sedge) C. rariflora (Wahlenb.) J. E. Smith (Sedge) C. rostrata J. Stokes Beaked sedge Cassiope tetragona (L.) D. Don Lapland cassiope Caulerpa spp. (Green algae) Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Buttonbush Ceratophyllum spp. Coontails Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) B.S.P. Atlantic white cedar Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench Leatherleaf Chara spp. (Stoneworts) Chenopodium glaucum L. (Goosefoot) Chiloscyphus fragilis (Roth) Schiffn. (Liverwort) Chondrus crispus Stackhouse Irish moss Cladina spp. Reindeer mosses C. rangiferina (L.) Harm (Reindeer moss) Cladium jamaicense Crantz Sawgrass Colocasia esculenta (L.) Scott Taro Conocarpus erectus L. Buttonwood Cornus stolonifera Michx. Red osier dogwood Cymodocea filiformis (Kuetz) Correll Manatee grass Cyperus spp. Nut sedges Cyrilla racemiflora L. Black ti-ti Decodon verticillatus (L.) Elliott Water willow Dendranthema arcticum (L.) Tzvel. Arctic daisy Dermatocarpon fluviatile G. H. Web) Th. Fr. (Lichen) Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene (Salt grass) Drepanocladus spp. (Moss) Dryas integrifolia Vahl (Dryas) Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. Barnyard grass Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Water hyacinth Eleocharis sp. (Spike rush) E. palustris (L.) Roem. & J. A. Schultes (Spike rush) Elodea spp. Water weeds Elymus arenarius L. (Lyme grass) Empetrum nigrum L. Crowberry Enteromorpha spp. (Green algae) Eriophorum spp. Cotton grasses E. russeolum Fr. (Cotton grass) E. vaginatum L. (Cotton grass) Fissidens spp. (Moss) F. julianus (Mont.) Schimper (Moss) Fontinalis spp. (Moss) Fraxinus nigra Marshall Black ash F. pennsylvania Marshall (Red ash) Fucus spp. Rockweeds F. spiralis L. (Rockweed) F. vesiculosus L. (Rockweed) Glyceria spp. Manna grasses Gordonia lasianthus (L.) J. Ellis Loblolly bay Habenaria spp. (Orchids) Halimeda spp. (Green algae) Halodule wrightii Aschers. Shoal grass Halophila spp. (Sea grass) Hippuris tetraphylla L.f. (Mare's tail) Hydrilla verticillata Royle (Hydrilla) Ilex glabra (L.) Gray Inkberry I. verticillata (L.) Gray Winterberry Iva frutescens L. Marsh elder Juncus spp. Rushes J. gerardii Loiseleur Black grass J. militaris Bigel. Bayonet rush J. roemerianus Scheele Needlerush Kalmia angustifolia L. Sheep laurel K. polifolia Wangenh. Bog laurel Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. Summer cypress Languncularia racemosa (L.) C. F. Gaertn. White mangrove Laminaria spp. (Kelps) Larix laricina (DuRoi) K. Koch Tamarack Laurencia spp. (Red algae) Ledum decumbens (Ait.) Narrowleaf Labrador tea Small L. groenlandicum Oeder Labrador tea Lemna spp. (Duckweeds) L. minor L. Common duckweed Leucothoe axillaris (Lam.) D. Don Coastal sweetbells Ligusticum scothicum L. Beach lovage Lithothamnion spp. Coralline algae Lycopodium alopecuroides L. Foxtail clubmoss Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch Fetterbush Lythrum salicaria L. Purple loosestrife Macrocystis spp. (Kelps) Magnolia virginiana L. Sweet bay Marsupella spp. (Liverworts) M. emarginata (Ehrenberg) Dumortier (Liverwort) Myrica gale L. Sweet gale Myriophyllum spp. Water milfoils M. spicatum L. (Water milfoil) Najas spp. Naiads Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers. American lotus Nitella spp. (Stoneworts) Nuphar luteum (L.) Sibth. & J. E. Smith (Yellow water lily) Nymphaea spp. (Water lilies) N. odorata Soland. in Ait. (White water lily) Nyssa aquatica L. Tupelo gum N. sylvatica Marshall Black gum Oncophorus wahlenbergii Brid. (Moss) Panicum capillare L. Old witch grass Pedicularis sp. (Lousewort) Peltandra virginica (L.) Kunth Arrow arum Pelvetia spp. (Rockweeds) Penicillus spp. (Green algae) Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng. Red bay Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Reed Phyllospadix scouleri Hook. (Surfgrass) P. torreyi S. Wats. (Surfgrass) Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P. Black spruce P. sitchensis (Bong.) Carriere Sitka spruce Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loudon Lodgepole pine P. palustris Mill. Longleaf pine P. serotina Michx. Pond pine Pistia stratiotes L. Water lettuce Plantago maritima L. Seaside plantain Podostemum ceratophyllum Michx. Riverweed Polygonum spp. Smartweeds P. amphibium L. Water smartweed P. bistorta L. Bistort Pontederia cordata L. Pickerelweed Potamogeton spp. Pondweeds P. gramineus L. (Pondweed) P. natans L. Floating-leaf pondweed Populous balsamifera L. Balsam poplar P. deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall Cottonwood Potentilla anserina L. Silverweed P. fruticosa L. Shrubby cinquefoil P. palustris (L.) Scop. Marsh cinquefoil Puccinellia grandis Swallen (Alkali grass) Quercus bicolor Willd. Swamp white oak Q. lyrata Walter Overcup oak Q. michauxii Nutt. Basket oak Ranunculus pallasii Schlecht. (Crowfoot) R. trichophyllus D. Chaix White water crowfoot Rhizophora mangle L. Red mangrove Rhododendron maximum L. Great laurel Rhynchospora spp. Beak rushes Rubus chamaemorus L. Cloudberry Rumex maritimus L. Golden dock R. mexicanus Meisn. (Dock) Ruppia spp. Ditch grasses R. maritima L. Widgeon grass Sagittaria spp. Arrowheads Salicornia spp. Glassworts S. europaea L. (Samphire) S. virginica L. (Common pickleweed) Salix spp. Willows S. alaxensis (Anderss.) Coville Feltleaf willow S. fuscescens Anderss. Alaska bog willow S. ovalifolia Trautv. Ovalleaf willow S. planifolia Pursh Diamondleaf willow S. reticulata L. Netleaf willow Salvinia spp. Water ferns Sarcobatus vermiculatus (Hook.) Torr. Greasewood Scirpus spp. Bulrushes S. acutus Muhl. ex Bigel. Hardstem bulrush S. americanus Pers. Common threesquare S. robustus Pursh (bulrush) Scolochloa festucacea (Willd.) Link Whitetop Solidago sempervirens L. Seaside goldenrod Sparganium hyperboreum Laest. (Bur-reed) Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur Saltmarsh cordgrass S. cynosuroides (L.) Roth Big cordgrass S. foliosa Trin. California cordgrass S. patens (Ait.) Muhl. Saltmeadow cordgrass Sphagnum spp. Peat mosses Spiraea beauverdiana C. K. Schneid. Alaska spiraea S. douglasii Hook. (Spiraea) Spirodela spp. Big duckweeds Stellaria spp. (Chickweed) Suaeda californica S. Wats. (Sea blite) Tamarix gallica L. Tamarisk Taxodium distichum (L.) L. C. Rich. Bald cypress Thalassia testudinum K. D. Koenig Turtle grass Thuja occidentalis L. Northern white cedar Tolypella spp. (Stoneworts) Trapa natans L. Water nut Triglochin maritimum L. Arrow grass Typha spp. Cattails T. angustifolia L. Narrow-leaved cattail T. latifolia L. Common cattail Ulmus americana L. American elm Ulva spp. Sea lettuce Utricularia spp. Bladderworts U. macrorhiza LeConte (Bladderwort) Vaccinium corymbosum L. Highbush blueberry V. oxycoccos L. Small cranberry V. uliginosum L. Bog blueberry V. vitis-idaea L. Mountain cranberry Vallisneria americana Michx. Wild celery Verrucaria spp. (Lichens) Wolffia spp. Watermeals Woodwardia virginica (L.) J. E. Smith Virginia chain-fern Xanthium strumarium L. (Cocklebur) Xyris spp. Yellow-eyed grasses Xyris smalliana Nash (Yellow-eyed grass) Zannichellia palustris L. Horned pondweed Zenobia pulverulenta (W. Bartram) Pollard Honeycup Zizania aquatica L. Wild rice Zizaniopsis miliacea (Michx.) Doell & Aschers. Southern wild rice Zostera marina L. Eelgrass Zosterella dubia (Jacq.) Small Water stargrass

a Taxonomy of vascular plants is according to the National List of Scientific Plant Names (U.S. Dept. Agriculture 1982).
bGeneral common names that refer to a higher taxon and names for which there is little agreement are shown in parentheses.
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