Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains
41. Lamiaceae, the Mint Family
5. Scutellaria L. -- Skullcap
2. Scutellaria lateriflora L. -- Blue skullcap
Plants 1.5-6 dm tall, usually branched and spreading, the stems glabrous
or puberulent on the angles above. Leaf blades ovate to ovate-lanceolate,
3-8 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, glabrous or nearly so, acute to acuminate at the
tip, crenate-serrate to serrate on the margins, cuneate to subcordate at the
base; petioles 0.5-3 cm long. Flowers in elongate, bracteate racemes
which are axillary or at the tips of axillary branches; pedicels mostly
less than 1 mm long; calyx 1.5-2.5 mm long in flower, to 4 mm long in
fruit; corolla blue, rarely pink or white, 5-8 mm long, the tube straight.
Jul--Aug. Shores, stream banks, springs, meadows, swampy places and moist woods;
frequent in the e part, less so in the c portion; (Newf. to B.C., s to GA, TX
Previous Section -- Scutellaria galericulata L.
-- Marsh skullcap
Return to Family -- Lamiaceae - The
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