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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

41. Lamiaceae, the Mint Family

5. Scutellaria L. -- Skullcap

1. Scutellaria galericulata L. -- Marsh skullcap

Plants 1-6(9) dm tall from slender rhizomes; stems simple or branched, erect or spreading, puberulent at least on the angles in the upper part. Leaves scarcely petioled, the blades lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 2-6.5 cm long, 0.6-2.5 cm wide, glabrous or nearly so above, densely puberulent below, bluntly acute, nearly entire to irregularly crenate-serrate, rounded to cordate at the base. Flowers paired at the nodes, borne singly in the axils of normal leaves; pedicels 1-3 mm long; calyx 3-6 mm long; corolla blue marked with white, 15-24 mm long, the tube gently curved. Jun--Aug. Shores, stream banks, marshes, wet meadows, ditches, springs and other wet places; common throughout most of the region, except in the drier w and c portions; (Circumboreal, in N.Amer. s to DE, OH, IL, MO, n TX, AZ and CA).
GIF- Distribution Map

Map key

Previous Section -- Prunella vulgaris L.
Return to Family -- Lamiaceae - The Mint Family
Next Section -- Scutellaria lateriflora L. -- Blue skullcap

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