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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

9. Ranunculaceae, the Buttercup Family

4. Ranunculus L. -- Buttercup, crowfoot

9. Ranunculus pensylvanicus L. f. -- Bristly crowfoot

Hirsute annual or shortlived perennial 4-10 dm tall, resembling the preceding. Stems hollow, erect, branching and flowering like R. macounii. Basal leaves often withering early, larger and longer-petioled than the cauline leaves; blades of basal and cauline leaves pinnately compound, 4-12 cm long, 4-15 cm wide, appressed-hairy to rarely glabrous, the leaflets lobed and coarsely toothed, tapered to the slender bases, the terminal one 3-parted, the lateral ones 2- or 3-parted; stipular bases 1-4 cm long. Sepals 5, yellowish, reflexed, (3)4-5 mm long, deciduous, sparsely hirsute; petals 5, pale yellow, fading whitish, distinctly shorter than the sepals, (1.5)2-3 mm long; stamens 15-20, anthers less than 1 mm long; receptacle 2 mm long in flower, 5-13 mm long in fruit, short-pubescent. Achenes 60-80 in an ovoid-cylindric to cylindric head 10-15 mm long, 6-9 mm thick; achene body flattened, obovate, (1.5)2-2.5 mm long, smooth and glabrous, keeled on the margin; beak stout, deltoid, 0.6-0.9 mm long. Jun--Aug. Occurring in the same habitats as R. macounii but intolerant of brackish conditions; common in the e part, less frequent w; (Newf. to AK, s to NJ, PA, OH, n IN, n IL, n IA, NE, CO, AZ and OR; also e Asia).
GIF- Distribution Map

Map key

Previous Species -- Ranunculus macounii Britt. -- Macoun's buttercup
Return to Family -- Ranunculaceae - The Buttercup Family
Next Species -- Ranunculus sceleratus L. -- Cursed crowfoot

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