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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

63. Poaceae, the Grass Family

13. Glyceria R. Br. -- Mannagrass

1. Glyceria borealis (Nash) Batch. -- Northern mannagrass


Culms 5-13 dm tall, rather weak, sometimes decumbent at the base, often producing adventitious roots from submersed lower nodes. Leaf blades 2-6 mm wide, glabrous; sheaths glabrous, the ligule scarious, rounded, 3-10 mm long. Panicle 15-40 cm long, with stiff, erect to ascending, racemelike branches. Spikelets linear, mostly 6- to 13-flowered, 9-15 mm long; glumes obtuse, the first 1.5-2 mm long, the second 2.5-3.5 mm long; lemmas oblanceolate, 3-4 mm long, obtuse to subacute, scarious-margined, scaberulous on the nerves; anthers 3, 0.5-0.9 mm long. Grain dark brown, oblong to ovoid, apiculate at the base, furrowed on the upper face, 1.5 mm long. Jun--Aug. In shallow water or mud of streams, ditches, ponds and marshes; frequent in ND and ne SD, otherwise rare in w SD and n NE; (Newf. to AK, s to NJ, PA, IL, MN, SD, NM, AZ and CA).

Glyceria fluitans (L.) R. Br. is a similar species found only in the Black Hills; otherwise it occurs well east of the region. It differs from G. borealis in the longer, more scabrous lemmas 4-7 mm long. This species is known from Custer and Pennington Counties, SD.

GIF- Distribution Map

Map key


Previous Section -- Eragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nees
Return to Family -- Poaceae - The Grass Family
Next Section -- Glyceria grandis S. Wats. -- American mannagrass

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