Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains
62. Cyperaceae, the Sedge Family
2. Carex L. -- Sedge
50. Carex stricta Lam.
Loosely tufted from long scaly rhizomes; culms trigonous, 3-10 dm long,
exceeding the leaves, rough. Leaves green, 2-6 mm wide, the lower ones
bladeless, merely sheathing the base of the culm; sheaths white to reddish-brown
and hyaline ventrally, green dorsally, the lower ones breaking into ladderlike
filaments; ligule at juncture of blade and sheath V-shaped and pointed, longer
than wide. Spikes unisexual or mostly so, the upper 1-3 staminate, the
terminal one 1.5-5 cm long, the lower 2-5 pistillate or some androgynous, 2-8
cm long; lowest bract leaflike, sheathless; pistillate scales
obtuse to acuminate, about equaling to exceeding the perigynia in length but
narrower. Perigynia green at the tip and margins, golden to tawny toward
the middle and base, whitish-papillate from the tip to below the middle, eventually
turning brown, biconvex to nearly flat, ovate to elliptic, 1.5-2.7 mm long,
1/2 to 3/5 as wide, 2-ribbed with few weak nerves on both sides; beak tubular,
0.2-0.3 mm long; achenes lenticular, 1.3-1.7 mm long; stigmas
2. Jun--Jul. Wet meadows, marshes, shores, stream banks, springs and fens; see
note below on regional distribution; (NJ to Man., s to FL, TX and CO).
This species is probably not as common in this region as current distribution
records (and the map) indicate because many collections identified as C.
stricta in regional herbaria are actually C. emoryi. C. stricta
in the narrower sense may well be restricted to the e part. Some authors lump
C. emoryi with C. stricta recognizing it as C. stricta
var. elongata (Boeckl.) Gl.
Previous Section -- Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd.
-- Saw-beak sedge
Return to Family -- Cyperaceae - The
Next Section -- Carex sychnocephala Carey