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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

43. Callitrichaceae, the Water Starwort Family

1. Callitriche L. -- Water starwort

2. Callitriche heterophylla Pursh


Submersed aquatic or seldom stranded on mud, with stems 0.5-2 dm long. Leaves usually of 2 basic types, with linear, submersed leaves below on the stems and obovate to spatulate floating leaves upward, the leaves seldom all of one type; submersed leaves 10-20 mm long, 0.5-1.2 mm wide, 1-nerved, bidentate at the tip, the pairs connected at their bases by a ridge or narrow wing; floating leaves in terminal rosettes or partly scattered along the stem, 6-15 mm long, 3-7 mm wide, 3- to 5-nerved, rounded at the tip, attenuate to the base, connected at their bases like the linear leaves, the transition from submersed to floating leaf types gradual. Flowers subtended by a pair of hyaline bracts, these deciduous. Fruits 0.6-1.2 mm long, about as wide, slightly broader toward the tip than the base, the segments convex on the face and rounded on the back, not wing-margined, irregularly pitted on the surface. Jun--Sep. Shallow water or mud of springs and stream pools; rare, with collections from Lawrence and Harding Cos., SD, also w MN; (N.S. to s MN and w SD, s to FL and TX; also w MT to WA, s to CA and C.Amer.).
GIF- Distribution Map

Map key


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