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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

30. Lythraceae, the Loosestrife Family

1. Ammannia L. -- Toothcup

2. Ammannia coccinea Rottb.


Erect, simple or freely branched annual 0.5-5(10) dm tall, the branches ascending, or basal branches, when present, spreading. Leaves linear-lanceolate to linear-oblong or rarely elliptic to spatulate, 2-8 cm long, 2.5-15 mm wide, auriculate or cordate and clasping at the base or cuneate on lowermost leaves. Inflorescences of rather compact, axillary cymes, nearly sessile to pedunculate, with (1)3-5(-14) flowers per axil; peduncles stout, to 9 mm long; pedicels to 2 mm long. Calyx tube (2.5)3-5 mm long, the lobes alternating with thickened appendages of about the same length; petals 4(5), deep rose-purple, sometimes with a deep purple midvein at the base, ca. 2 mm long; stamens 4(-7), anthers deep yellow when fresh; styles 1.5-3 mm long in fruit. Capsules 3.5-5 mm in diameter at maturity, equaling to exceeding the calyx. Jul--Oct. Exposed mud of ponds, marshes and stream banks; uncommon and scattered from ec SD, s into NE; (OH to SD, s to KY and TX; also CA, Mex., C.Amer., n S.Amer. and islands of the Caribbean).

See the discussion under the following.

GIF- Distribution Map

Map key


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