USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

Chenopodium L. -- Goosefoot


Erect to spreading, taprooted annuals with simple to freely branched stems and alternate, petiolate leaves, the blades somewhat fleshy, lanceolate to ovate-oblong or trullate to deltate, sinuate-dentate to sinuate-lobed, seldom entire, occasionally hastate, sometimes farinose, especially on the lower surface. Flowers perfect, very minute and numerous, ca. 0.5 mm across at anthesis, greenish or sometimes reddish-tinged, densely clustered in glomerules which are borne in short terminal and axillary spikes, the spikes bracteate throughout with the bracts reducing in size upward; perianth 2- to 5-lobed, the segments rather fleshy, obtuse, often incurved over the fruit; stamens 1-5; styles 2(3), short. Fruit oriented horizontally or vertically to the persistent perianth, sometimes both horizontal and vertical, the thin membranous perianth loosely adherent to the lenticular seed.

The two chenopods treated here are consistently encountered on alkaline to saline shores and mudflats. Other weedy species such as Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. and C. strictum Roth are occasional on dry shores but are more typical of disturbed upland habitats.

References:  

Aellen, P. and T. Just.  1943.  Key and synopsis of the American species 
     of the genus Chenopodium L. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 30:47-76. 

Wahl, H. A.  1952-1953 (1954).  A preliminary study of the genus Chenopodium 
     in North America.  Bartonia 27:1-46.

Lead Characteristic Go To
1 Leaves persistently whitish-farinose on the lower surface, dull green above, mostly 0.7-3 cm long, 0.2-1.2 cm wide. C. glaucum
1 Leaves not whitish-farinose at maturity, green on both surfaces, often reddish-tinged, drying dark, mostly 2-8 cm long, 0.7-5 cm wide C. rubrum


12. Chenopodiaceae, the Goosefoot Family
2. Chenopodium L. -- Goosefoot
1. Chenopodium glaucum L. -- Oak-leaved goosefoot
2. Chenopodium rubrum L. -- Red goosefoot


Return to Family -- Chenopodiaceae - The Goosefoot Family
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/plants/vascplnt/gencheno.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 06:37:59 EST
Reston, VA [vaww54]