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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

Urticaceae - The Nettle Family


Monoecious or dioecious, annual or perennial herbs with watery juice, sometimes beset with stinging hairs, the leaves opposite (in those included here), simple, petiolate, usually stipulate. Flowers small, greenish and inconspicuous, borne in simple or branched axillary clusters, usually imperfect; perianth consisting of a 3- to 4-parted or toothed calyx, that of the male flowers usually more deeply parted; stamens equal in number to the calyx lobes and opposite them, a vestigial pistil sometimes present; female flowers containing a unicarpellary pistil and sometimes with scalelike rudiments of stamens, style 1, ovary superior, 1-celled, ovule 1. Fruit an achene, often enclosed by an accrescent calyx.

Lead Characteristic Go To
1 Plants 1-5 dm tall, glabrous or nearly so, not armed with stinging hairs. Genus Pilea
1 Plants 8-20 dm tall, armed with stiff stinging hairs. Genus (Urtica)


10. Urticaceae, the Nettle Family
1. Pilea Lindl. -- Clearweed
1. Pilea fontana (Lunell) Rydb.
2. Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray
2. Urtica L. -- Nettle
1. Urtica dioica L. -- Stinging nettle


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