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Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains

Campanulaceae - The Bellflower Family


Perennial or biennial herbs with simple, alternate, exstipulate leaves. Flowers in terminal bracteate racemes or solitary and pedicelled in upper leaf axils, perfect, 5-merous, regular (Campanula) or irregular (Lobelia); calyx of 5 more or less equal sepals; corolla white to blue-violet, funnelform or bilabiate, in the latter case, split open along the upper side with the anthers protruding through the cleft; stamens 5, separate or united into a tube around the style; ovary inferior or partly so, 2- to 5-celled, many-ovuled; hypanthium usually prominent. Fruit a many-seeded capsule, opening laterally or at the top.

Lead Characteristic Go To
1 Flowers regular; stamens separate. Genus Campanula
1 Flowers irregular; stamens united to form a tube around the style. Genus Lobelia


47. Campanulaceae, the Bellflower Family
1. Campanula L. -- Bellflower
1. Campanula aparinoides Pursh -- Marsh bellflower
2. Lobelia L. -- Lobelia
1. Lobelia kalmii L. -- Kalm's lobelia
2. Lobelia siphilitica L. -- Blue cardinal-flower
3. Lobelia spicata Lam. -- Pale-spike lobelia


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