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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Prairie Wildflowers and Grasses of North Dakota

Grass (Introduced Species)


Harold Umber photo: Smooth bromegrass (inset shows Bromegrass leaf with characteristic "W")
Harold Umber
  Smooth bromegrass
(Bromus inermis)

Distribution: statewide
Habitat: fields, roadsides, waste areas, often invades native grasslands
Description: Perennial, cool-season, sod grass. Spikelets are arranged in open spikes at end of stem.
Height: up to 4 feet tall
Other names: Smooth brome
Plant uses and other interesting facts: Bromegrass was not found in North America until man brought it from Europe. It is very aggressive and forms sod unlike many natives which grow in clumps. Brome is generally not as beneficial to wildlife since it has weak stems which fall over under winter snow and become an unusable matt of vegetation preventing other beneficial plants from growing. Brome grass can be identified by the characteristic "W" which is found within the leaf.


Previous Grass -- Needle and thread
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