Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin
VI. WOODED SWAMPS
Wooded swamps are forested wetlands dominated by mature conifers and lowland
hardwood trees. They are usually associated with ancient lake basins and retired
riverine oxbows. Wooded swamps include the northern wet-mesic forest and the
southern wet and wet-mesic hardwood associations described by Curtis (1971).
Wooded swamps are important for stormwater and floodwater retention. They
also provide habitat for wildlife including white-tailed deer, furbearers,
songbirds, ruffed grouse, barred owl and amphibians.
The wooded swamps of Minnesota and Wisconsin are divided into two types
depending on whether the dominant trees are conifers or hardwoods.
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