USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin


(Lobelia cardinalis L.)

Cardinal Flower



FIELD CHARACTERISTICS: A perennial herb that usually has a simple stem growing to a height of 5-15 dm. The leaves are thin, smooth, dark green, lanceolate to lance-ovate, and irregularly serrate. The racemes are terminal and 1-4 dm. long. Flowers are intense scarlet-red and 3-4 cm. long. In flower from July to September.

ECOLOGICAL NOTES: Cardinal flower is found in floodplain forests, fresh (wet) meadows and along streambanks.

SOURCE: Fernald (1970); and Gleason and Cronquist (1991).

Previous Section -- Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica L.)
Return to Contents
Next Section -- VIII. Seasonally Flooded Basins

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 06:32:03 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww55]