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Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin

ANGELICA

(Angelica atropurpurea L.)


Angelica

CARROT FAMILY (Umbelliferae or Apiaceae)

IND. STATUS: OBL

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS: A very coarse, tall perennial herb, usually up to 3 m. high. The stout, round stems are purplish, aromatic, and hollow. Basal leaves are pinnately more than once divided, and upper leaves are progressively reduced with broadly sheathing leaf stalks and serrate, pointed leaflets. The inflorescence is a large (10-20 cm. wide), spherical compound umbel with 20-45 rays. Flowers are white or greenish-white and in bloom around the first week in June. Thin, flat lateral wings occur on the hairless fruit, which fall by mid-summer.

ECOLOGICAL NOTES: Angelica is common in sedge meadows and calcareous fens, particularly if supported by groundwater springs and seepages. It also may be present in forested wetlands, and along streambanks and shores.

SOURCE: Gleason and Cronquist (1991); Swink and Wilhelm (1994); and Voss (1985).


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