Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Small White Violet
Viola macloskeyi Lloyd
- Family: Violet (Violaceae)
- Flowering: May-August
- Field Marks: Three of the 5 white petals of this violet have purple veins. There are no upright leafy stems in this species, with all leaves arising directly from the rhizome.
- Habitat: Wet meadows, along streams, bogs.
- Habit: Perennial herb with creeping rhizomes and stolons.
- Stems: Rhizomes below ground; horizontal stolons produced late in year; no upright leafy stems present.
- Leaves: Simple, ovate to nearly round, rounded or more or less pointed at the tip, heart-shaped at the base, up to 1 1/2 inches long, smooth or sparsely hairy, on smooth or hairy
stalks up to 4 inches long; stipules ovate, without teeth.
- Flowers: Solitary on stalks arising directly from the rhizomes, on stalks up to 6 inches long, longer than the leaves.
- Sepals: 5, green, free from each other, ovate to lanceolate, up to 1/6 inch long, smooth.
- Petals: 5, free from each other, white, the lower 3 also with purple stripes, 1/4 to nearly 1/2 inch long; one of the petals spurred, the spur up to 1/8 inch long.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, smooth.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, green, up to 1/4 inch long, smooth; seeds dark brown, about 1/24 inch in diameter.
- Notes: The stolons are formed late in the year and often give rise to large mats of this species.
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