Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Castilleja miniata Dougl. ex Hook.
- Family: Figwort (Scrophulariaceae)
- Flowering: May-September
- Field Marks: This showy species has bright scarlet bracts that subtend the 1-1 1/2 inch long petals. The lower lip of the petals is only about 1/12 inch long.
- Habitat: Along streams, wet meadows, thickets, forest openings.
- Habit: Perennial herb with thickened rootstocks.
- Stems: Upright, branched or unbranched, up to 2 1/2 feet tall, smooth or somewhat hairy.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, lanceolate, up to 2 1/2 inches long, up to 3/4 inch wide,
without teeth, or the uppermost leaves with a pair of lobes, smooth or somewhat hairy.
- Flowers: Crowded together in a spike, each flower subtended by a scarlet bract; uppermost bracts with a pair of lobes.
- Sepals: 4, united into a cleft tube, usually scarlet, up to 1 1/4 inches long.
- Petals: 5, greenish with red edges, united below into a tube, up to 1 1/2 inches long, 2-lipped, the upper lip as long as the tube, the lower lip about 1/12 inch long.
- Stamens: 4.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, about 1/2 inch long.
- Notes: The color of the bracts may sometimes be orange or red-purple.
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