Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Gentianella amare11a (L.) Boerner
- Family: Gentian (Gentianaceae)
- Flowering: June-September
- Field Marks: Gentianella differs from other genera of the Gentianaceae by lacking fringed petals, by lacking folds between the petals, and by having the petals united for more than 2/3 their length.
- Habitat: Wet meadows in the mountains.
- Habit: Annual herb with fibrous roots.
- Stems: Upright, branched, up to 1 1/2 feet tall, smooth.
- Leaves: Opposite, simple, smooth, without teeth, the basal leaves spatulate, pointed or rounded at the tip, tapering to the base, up to 2 inches long, the cauline leaves ovate to lanceolate, more or less pointed at the tip, up to 1 1/2 inches lo
- Flowers: 2-10 in the axils of the leaves and also terminal; flower stalks slender, up to 2 inches long, smooth.
- Sepals: Usually 5, united for more than 1/2 their length, green, up to 1/4 inch long.
- Petals: Usually 4, united for more than 2/3 their length, usually blue or purple, nearly an inch long.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior; stigmas 2.
- Fruits: Capsules cylindrical, up to 1/2 inch long; seeds minute, smooth.
- Notes: In the past this species has been known as Gentiana heterosepala, Gentiana
amarella, or Gentiana acuta.
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