Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Trifolium longipes Nutt.
- Family: Pea (Leguminosoe)
- Flowering: June-September
- Field Marks: This clover has ovoid heads of white (less commonly pinkish) flowers and leaves on stalks longer than the leaflets.
- Habitat: Wet meadows in the mountains.
- Habit: Perennial herb with branched rhizomes and a taproot.
- Stems: Spreading to erect, up to 21 inches long, smooth or with some appressed hairs.
- Leaves: Alternate, divided into 3 leaflets; each leaflet narrow, lanceolate to obovate, pointed or rounded at the tip, tapering to the base, up to 2 inches long, finely toothed, hairy on lower surface; leaf stalks longer than the leaflets; stipu
- Flowers: Many crowded into ovoid heads up to 2/3 inch across, on long stalks up to 6
- Sepals: 5, united below into a tube, 1/3 to nearly 1/2 inch long, the slender teeth longer than the tube, hairy.
- Petals: 5, white (less commonly pinkish), arranged to form a sweet pea-shaped flower
1/3-1/2 inch long.
- Stamens: 10.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, hairy.
- Fruits: Pods a little longer than broad, hairy near the tip, containing 2-4 seeds.
- Notes: The petals of this species sometimes also may be tinged with purple. The fruits and leaves are eaten by some mammals.
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