Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Typha angustifolia L.
- Family: Cattail (Typhaceae)
- Flowering: June-August
- Field Marks: This species has up to 8 leaves per stem, the leaves usually less than 1/2 inch wide. The female spike is usually less than 1 inch thick.
- Habitat: Marshes, in and along streams, around lakes and ponds.
- Habit: Rather slender perennial herb with slender branching rhizomes.
- Stems: Upright, up to 5 feet tall, smooth.
- Leaves: Alternate, narrow, elongated, up to 8 per stem, usually less than 1/2 inch wide.
- Flowers: Male and female borne separately in spikes on the same plant; male spike formed directly above female spike but usually separated from the female spike by a short interval, much narrower than the female spike, and falling away after pol
- Sepals: 0.
- Petals: 0.
- Stamens: 2-5 per flower.
- Pistils: 1 per flower, the ovary superior.
- Fruits: Achenes ellipsoid, about 1/20 inch long, subtended by fine hairs.
- Notes: Although the male spike is often separated from the female spike by a short interval, this is not always the case. The achenes are eaten by waterfowl.
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