Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
- Family: Lily (Liliaceae)
- Flowering: April-June
- Field Marks: This species has several leaves up to 2 1/2 inches wide and a small terminal raceme of white flowers with 6 sepals and petals 1/4-1/3 inch long.
- Habitat: Moist areas.
- Habit: Perennial herb with a rhizome.
- Stems: Upright, unbranched, sometimes zigzag, up to 2 1/4 feet tall, smooth or minutely hairy.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, up to 6 inches long, up to 2 1/4 inches wide, pointed at the tip, rounded and sometimes clasping the stem at the base,
minutely hairy on the lower surface, with several conspicuous veins.
- Flowers: Several, not crowded in a terminal raceme up to 4 inches long.
- Sepals and Petals: 6, similar, white, free from each other, oblong.
- Stamens: 6.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, smooth.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, greenish yellow to reddish purple to black, 1/3-1/2 inch in diameter, with 2-3 seeds.
- Notes: Several species of birds and mammals eat the berries of this species.
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