Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Western Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Camassia quamash (Pursh) Greene
- Family: Lily (Liliaceae)
- Flowering: April-July
- Field Marks: This showy species has a terminal raceme of blue flowers up to 3 inches across borne on a leafless stem. One of the six sepals and petals curves downward, while the other five curve upward.
- Habitat: Wet meadows, damp hillsides.
- Habit: Perennial herb with a bulb.
- Stems: Upright, smooth, up to 2 feet tall, bearing only flowers.
- Leaves: All basal, flat, elongated, up to 18 inches long, up to 1 inch wide.
- Flowers: Several in a terminal raceme up to 10 inches long, each flower up to 3 inches across, on stalks 1/3-1 inch long.
- Sepals and Petals: 6, all similar in size and shape, free from each other, blue, narrowly lanceolate, up to 1 1/2 inches long, one of them curving downward, the other 5 curving
- Stamens: 6.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, up to 1 inch long, pale brown to brown.
- Notes: The sepals and petals become twisted over the capsules.
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