Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Smilax smallii Morong
- Family: Lily (Liliaceae)
- Flowering: June-July
- Field Marks: This is the only greenbrier that has lanceolate leaves that are green on the lower surface.
- Habitat: Steep ravines, sand hills, high pinelands, hammocks, rich woods, thickets, fencerows,
- Habit: High-climbing woody vine with large, thickened rhizomes.
- Stems: Woody, green, bearing hard, sharp prickles, or sometimes spineless.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, evergreen, lanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering or rounded at the
base, without teeth, smooth, up to 4 inches long, up to 1 1/2 inches wide, paler but green on
the lower surface.
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne separately on separate plants, in umbels.
- Perianth: 6-parted, greenish, free from each other, up to 1/4 inch long, slightly shorter in the
- Stamens: 6.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, black when mature, up to 1/3 inch in diameter, with 1-3 seeds.
Previous Species -- Common Greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
Return to Species List -- Group 9
Next Species -- Coral Greenbrier (Smilax walteri)