Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.
- Family: Grape (Vitaceae)
- Flowering: May-August
- Field Marks: This is the only vine with palmately compound leaves with five leaflets.
- Habitat: Moist to dry soils in woods, on bluffs, hammocks, steep ravines, bottomlands.
- Habit: Climbing or trailing woody vine.
- Stems: Twining, smooth or sometimes hairy, with suction cups at the end of tendrils.
- Leaves: Alternate, palmately compound, with 5 leaflets; each leaflet oval to elliptic to broadly
lanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, coarsely toothed, smooth or sometimes hairy
on the lower surface, up to 6 inches long.
- Flowers: Several in compound cymes, up to 1/4 inch across.
- Sepals: 5, green, united below.
- Petals: 5, yellow-green, free from each other, up to 1/8 inch long.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, blue, up to 1/4 inch in diameter, with 2-3 seeds; stalk of fruits red.
- Notes: This species is sometimes called woodbine. Its foliage turns red in autumn, making it
a desirable ornamental. White-tailed deer browse this species, and wild turkey eat the tendrils.
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