Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Lonicera sempervirens L.
- Family: Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae)
- Flowering: March-July
- Field Marks: This vine is readily recognized by its red, long-tubular flowers and the bracts
connate and completely encircling the stem.
- Habitat: Low woods, swamps, bottomlands, bayheads, fencerows, dry woods, thickets.
- Habit: Twining or trailing woody vine up to 15 feet long.
- Stems: Slender, sparsely branched or unbranched, smooth or nearly so.
- Leaves: Opposite, simple, sometimes evergreen, especially in the deep south, elliptic to oblong
to obovate, pointed or rounded at the tip, pointed or rounded at the base, without teeth, smooth
or nearly so, green on the upper surface, pale or glaucous on the lower surface, up to 3 1/2 inches
long, up to 2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Several in interrupted spikes arising from a pair of connate bracts that completely
encircle the stems; flowers long-tubular.
- Sepals: Minute, often not clearly distinguishable.
- Petals: 5, united into a long tube, red on the outside, yellow on the inside, up to 2 1/2 inches
- Stamens: 5, scarcely exserted beyond the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, up to 1/4 inch in diameter, black; seeds shiny, black, finely veined.
- Notes: This species is sometimes grown as an ornamental.
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