Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Lonicera japonica Thunb.
- Family: Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae)
- Flowering: April-October
- Field Marks: This climbing or trailing plant with opposite leaves has sweet-smelling, white, 2-lipped, inch-long flowers in the axils of the leaves.
- Habitat: Moist to dry soil in fields, woodlands, roadsides, fencerows, around old housesites, and
- Habit: Trailing or climbing, wiry, woody vine, often growing to the tops of trees under moist
- Stems: Trailing or climbing, usually hairy, from several to many feet long.
- Leaves: Opposite, simple, ovate or broadly oblong, rounded or pointed at the tip, rounded at the
base, usually without teeth, sparsely hairy on the lower surface, up to 1 inch across.
- Flowers: Flowers borne in pairs in the axils of the leaves.
- Sepals: 5, tooth-like, green, united below.
- Petals: Composed of a 3-parted segment and a 2-parted segment, united below into a hairy tube,
very sweet-scented, up to 1 1/2 inches long, becoming cream or yellow with age.
- Stamens: 5, attached to the tube of the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, shining, black, up to 1/3 inch in diameter.
- Notes: The lowermost pair of leaves on the stem is sometimes deeply lobed. This plant is an
excellent food for deer and rabbits.
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