Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Berchemia scandens (J. Hill) K. Koch
- Family: Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This vine differs from all others by its alternate, elliptic, toothless leaves that
have distinctly parallel venation, its tiny 5-parted greenish flowers, and its ellipsoid blue-black
- Habitat: Swamps, bottomlands, low hammocks, moist thickets, fencerows, moist flatwoods,
- Habit: Twining and climbing woody vine, several to many feet long.
- Stems: Twining, smooth, reddish brown, turning gray with age.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, elliptic, pointed or sometimes rounded at the tip, rounded or tapering
to the base, without teeth although sometimes wavy-edged, conspicuously pinnately veined,
smooth, green and shiny on the upper surface, paler on the lower surface, up to 3 inches long,
up to nearly 2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne on separate plants, borne in axillary and terminal
- Sepals: 5, green, minute, united.
- Petals: 5, greenish, up to 1/16 inch long.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Drupes ellipsoid, blue-black, up to 1/3 inch long.
- Notes: This vine may form dense entanglements over other vegetation.
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