Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Downy Yellow Violet
Viola pubescens Ait.
- Family: Violet (Violaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This yellow-flowered violet with aerial stems is usually densely hairy.
- Habitat: Along streams, meadows, bogs, moist woods.
- Habit: Perennial herb with upright aerial stems and thickened rhizomes.
- Stems: Upright, densely hairy, up to 12 inches tall.
- Leaves: Alternate and basal, simple, broadly ovate, rounded or pointed at the tip, heart-shaped
at the base, toothed, densely hairy.
- Flowers: 1-several, yellow, up to 2/3 inch across.
- Sepals: 5, green, narrowly lanceolate.
- Petals: 5, yellow, two of them with a tuft of hairs; one of the petals prolonged backward into a spur.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, smooth or hairy, up to 1/2 inch long; seeds light brown.
- Notes: Smooth yellow-flowered plants are considered to be a different species known as Viola
Previous Species -- Northern White Violet (Viola pallens)
Return to Species List -- Group 8