Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Northern White Violet
Viola pallens (Banks) Brainerd
- Family: Violet (Violaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This stemless white violet has broadly ovate leaves and leaf stalks usually sparsely hairy.
- Habitat: Wet areas in woods, along streams, bogs.
- Habit: Perennial herb without upright aerial stems.
- Stems: Underground, except for a few slender creeping stolons that bear flowers without petals.
- Leaves: All arising from the underground rhizome, broadly ovate to orbicular, more or less rounded at
the tip, heart-shaped at the base, finely toothed, smooth, up to 2 1/2 inches long, up to 2 1/2 inches
wide; leaf stalks slightly hairy, up to 7 inches long; apetalous flowers borne on creeping slender
- Flowers: Borne singly on leafless stalks, white, with purple veins, up to 2/3 inch across; flower stalks
slightly hairy, up to 8 inches long.
- Sepals: 5, green, linear to lanceolate, up to 1/6 inch long.
- Petals: 5, white, some with purple veins; one of the petals prolonged backward into a spur; some
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules ellipsoid, green, smooth, up to 1/4 inch long; seeds black.
- Notes: The flowers have a pleasant fragrance.
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