Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Solidago rugosa Mill.
- Family: Aster (Asteraceae)
- Flowering: July-November
- Field Marks: This coarse goldenrod has hairy stems and leaves, flowering heads borne on one
side of the branches, and wrinkled-looking leaves.
- Habitat: Along streams, hammocks, pinelands, bayheads, damp thickets; also in upland woods.
- Habit: Perennial herb with a thickened crown and slender rhizomes.
- Stems: Upright, hairy, branched or unbranched, up to 8 feet tall.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base,
rough to the touch and hairy, appearing wrinkled, toothed, up to 4 inches long, up to 1 1/2 inches
wide; lowermost leaves usually with a stalk; uppermost leaves sessile.
- Flowers: Crowded together into heads up to 1/4 inch high, with many heads forming a panicle;
heads borne on one side of arching branches; flowers yellow, of 2 kinds: some flat and ray-like,
others tubular and forming a disk.
- Sepals: 0.
- Petals: Yellow, 7-15 of them ray-like, notched at the tip; those in the center forming a disk,
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Achenes up to 1/12 inch long, hairy, bearing soft bristles at the tip.
- Notes: This is an extremely variable species.
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