Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Sarracenia alata A. Wood
- Family: Pitcher-plant (Sarraceniaceae)
- Flowering: March-April
- Field Marks: The distinguishing features of this pitcher-plant are the lack of whitish areas
on the pitchers, its upright pitchers, and yellow to yellow-green flower petals. The inner
the hood of the pitcher is not purple or purple-spotted.
- Habitat: Low pinelands, bogs, wet savannas, flatwoods, seepage slopes.
- Habit: Perennial herb with branched rhizomes.
- Stems: Upright, unbranched, bearing only a single flower as long as or longer than the pitcher.
- Leaves: Most leaves hollow, elongated, tubular, forming the pitchers with a hood or lid at the top;
pitchers up to 2 1/2 feet tall, borne in upright clusters, yellow-green, usually with fine red venation;
hood ovate, up to 3 inches across, usually not purple or purple-spotted on the inner surface, arching
over the mouth of the pitcher; a few flat, sword-shaped leaves sometimes also present.
- Flowers: Solitary, nodding, dominated by a broad, umbrella-like, 5-lobed style that is positioned over
the rest of the flower; style up to 3 1/2 inches in diameter, yellow to yellow-green.
- Sepals: 5, ovate, yellow-green, free from each other, up to 2 1/2 inches long.
- Petals: 5, bright or pale yellow or yellow-green, free from each other, up to 3 inches long.
- Stamens: Numerous.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules brown, somewhat warty, splitting along 5 seams; seeds warty.
- Notes: The flowers have a musty odor.
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