Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Elephantopus carolinianus Raeusch
- Family: Aster (Asteraceae)
- Flowering: August-October
- Field Marks: This species is recognized by its large, oval, wrinkled-looking leaves and its 4
purple flowers in a head, with the head subtended by 3 large, leafy bracts.
- Habitat: Low woods, along streams, open woods, thickets, bottomland forests, moist bluffs,
- Habit: Perennial herb with a thickened rootstock.
- Stems: Upright, branched, densely hairy, up to 2 1/2 feet tall.
- Leaves: Basal and alternate; basal leaves obovate to broadly elliptic to ovate, pointed at the tip,
tapering to the base, wrinkled-looking, hairy, up to 10 inches long, up to 4 inches wide.
- Flowers: Usually 4 in a head, purple, with few-several heads per plant; each head up to 1/2
inch long, subtended by 3 large, leafy bracts.
- Sepals: 0.
- Petals: 5, purple, united to form a short tube.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Achenes up to 1/4 inch long, hairy, with a tuft of hairs at the tip.
- Notes: The largest leaves are found near the middle of the stem.
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