Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Centella erecta (L. f.) Fernald
- Family: Carrot (Apiaceae)
- Flowering: June-August
- Field Marks: This distinctive species is recognized by its simple, ovate to oblong leaf which
arises from a creeping stolon, and its basal umbel of tiny flowers.
- Habitat: Low pinelands, wet ditches, sandy shores, wet pine savannas, flatwoods, bogs, along
- Habit: Perennial herb with creeping stems rooting at the nodes.
- Stems: Slender, smooth to hairy, up to 2 feet or more long.
- Leaves: Arising from the creeping stem, simple, ovate to oblong, rounded at the tip, heart-shaped at the base, with or without low teeth, smooth or hairy, up to 4 inches long, sometimes
nearly as wide; leaf stalks smooth or hairy, up to 12 inches long.
- Flowers: 1-4 in umbels; umbels 1-5 from each node, on stalks much shorter than the leaf stalks.
- Sepals: 0.
- Petals: 5, free from each other, white, sometimes rose-tinged, quickly falling from the flower;
bracts usually 2, ovate, up to 1/4 inch long.
- Stamens: 5.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Ellipsoid, strongly flattened, up to 1/4 inch long, usually nearly as broad or broader,
- Notes: This species is sometimes known as Centella asiatica.
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