Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Cayaponia quinqueloba (Raf.) Shinners
- Family: Gourd (Cucurbitaceae)
- Flowering: June-November
- Field Marks: This vine has 3- to 5-lobed leaves, tendrils, and yellow unisexual flowers
- Habitat: Low woods, swamps, along rivers and streams, bottomland forests.
- Habit: Perennial herbaceous vine climbing by tendrils, with rhizomes.
- Stems: Slender, finely hairy, climbing over vegetation by means of tendrils.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, heart-shaped at the base, palmately 3-lobed, each lobe pointed at the tip,
minutely toothed, rough to the touch on the upper surface, hairy on the lower surface, up to 4 inches
long, nearly as wide; leaf stalks bristly hairy.
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne separately but on the same plant, solitary or in racemes or
panicles in the axils of the leaves, on stalks shorter than the leaf stalks.
- Sepals: 5, green, united below, up to 1/3 inch long.
- Petals: 5, greenish white to yellow, united below but with spreading lobes, up to 1/2 inch long.
- Stamens: 3, free from each other; filaments twisted.
- Pistils: 5, greenish white to yellow, united below but with spreading lobes, up to 1/2 inch long.
- Fruits: Berries red, ovoid to ellipsoid, up to 3/4 inch long; seeds few, dark brown, ovoid, up to 1/3
- Notes: Cayaponia boykinii is the same as this species.
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