Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Vaccinium stamineum L.
- Family: Heath (Ericaceae)
- Flowering: April-June
- Field Marks: This species has alternate, leathery leaves. It differs from all other species of
Vaccinium by its stamens which protrude from the flower.
- Habitat: From dry to moist soils, preferably in sand and acidic soils in the coastal plain.
- Habit: Much branched shrub to 8 feet tall.
- Stems: Slender, smooth or hairy.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, leathery, oblong to oval, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, without
teeth, pale and sometimes hairy on the lower surface, up to 4 inches long, up to 1 1/2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Several in leafy racemes, on slender, drooping stalks.
- Sepals: 5, green, united below, smooth.
- Petals: 5, white to purplish, united to form a bell.
- Stamens: 10, protruding past the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Berries green, yellowish, or purple, more or less spherical, up to 1/4 inch in diameter.
- Notes: The fruit of this species is not edible raw, although a jelly can be made from it.
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