Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Vaccinium elliottii Chapm.
- Family: Heath (Ericaceae)
- Flowering: March-April
- Field Marks: This Vaccinium differs from all other species in the genus by its leaves which are
deciduous, less than 1 1/2 inches long, and smooth or hairy without glands on the lower surface.
- Habitat: Brackish marshes and shores, moist to dry soils in upland woods, stream banks,
bottomland woods, damp thickets, swampy forests.
- Habit: Much branched shrub up to 12 feet tall.
- Stems: Slender, green, sometimes hairy with glandular hairs, sometimes smooth.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, elliptic to narrowly ovate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base,
glandular-toothed, more or less hairy, particularly on the veins, up to 1 1/2 inches long, up to
3/4 inch wide; leaf stalks short, hairy.
- Flowers: Borne in clusters of 2-6 on branches of the previous season, flowering before or after
the leaves begin to unfold.
- Sepals: 5, green, united below, the lobes rounded at the tip.
- Petals: 5, white or pinkish, united to form an urn, up to 1/3 inch long.
- Stamens: 10.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, black, up to 1/2 inch in diameter.
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