Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Vaccinium arboreum Marshall
- Family: Heath (Ericaceae)
- Flowering: May-June
- Field Marks: This species differs from most other species of Vaccinium by its short, bell-shaped
flowers and its stamens that are not exserted beyond the petals.
- Habitat: Moist to dry soils in hammocks, on bluffs, and in steep ravines.
- Habit: Much branched shrub up to 30 feet tall.
- Stems: Woody, smooth or hairy, up to 3/4 inch in diameter, much branched.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, leathery, shiny, oval to obovate, pointed or rounded at the tip,
tapering to the base, toothless or with a few small teeth, smooth on the upper surface, smooth
or hairy on the lower surface.
- Flowers: Pendulous, borne in racemes, the flowers subtended by leafy bracts.
- Sepals: 5, green, united at the base.
- Petals: 5, white, united to form a bell 1/4 inch long.
- Stamens: 10, not exserted beyond the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Berries spherical, black, up to 1/4 inch in diameter; seeds many.
- Notes: Other common names for this species are tree huckleberry and sparkleberry.
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