Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Salix caroliniana Michx.
- Family: Willow (Salicaceae)
- Flowering: March-April
- Field Marks: This willow has leaves very whitened on the lower surface. The stipules are usually
- Habitat: Along streams and rivers, margins of swamps and coastal lakes, swamps, marshes,
around ponds and lakes, ditches, canals, wet clearings.
- Habit: Tree to 40 feet tall; trunk diameter up to 1 foot; crown widely spreading, often irregular.
- Bark: Dark brown to gray to black, scaly and ridged.
- Twigs: Slender, brown, usually finely hairy.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, lanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, finely toothed,
white on the lower surface, hairy when young, smooth or with hairs only on the veins on the lower
surface at maturity, up to 5 inches long, up to 1 inch wide; stipules usually persistent.
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne on separate trees, appearing as the leaves begin to
unfold, crowded in elongated, yellowish, hairy spikes.
- Sepals: 0.
- Petals: 0.
- Stamens: 3-6.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules narrow, flask-shaped, brownish, up to 1/4 inch long, crowded in elongated
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