Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Quercus laurifolia Michx.
- Family: Beech (Fagaceae)
- Flowering: March-April
- Field Marks: This species is characterized by lobeless, toothless leaves, some of which are
- Habitat: Floodplains, bottomlands, low hammocks, stream banks, lake shores, bayheads.
- Habit: Tree up to 100 feet tall; trunk diameter up to 4 feet; crown densely round-topped.
- Bark: Brown to
gray, becoming low-ridged when old.
- Twigs: Dark brown, smooth.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, semi-evergreen in the northern part of its range, evergreen in the deep
south, thick, leathery, variable, spatulate to oblanceolate, but some of them diamondshaped, usually
rounded at the tip, tapering to the base, smooth and dark green on the upper surface, hairy on the
veins and in the vein axils on the lower surface, toothless, usually lobeless, up to 4 inches long, up to
2 1/2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne separately on the same plant; male flowers many, crowded
into drooping spikes; female flowers 1-few in short spikes.
- Petals: 5-6, green, very small, united below to form a cup.
- Stamens: 0.
- Pistils: 3-12.
- Fruits: Ovary inferior; styles 3.
- Notes: Acorns ovoid to oblongoid, up to 3/4 inch long, enclosed 1/4-1/2 by the cup.
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