Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Quercus falcata Michx. var. pagodifolia Ell.
- Family: Beech (Fagaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This species has star-shaped hairs on the lower surface of the leaves. It differs
from southern red oak (Quercus falcata) by having more lobes which are not as curved and which
are cut no more than half-way to the middle. The base of the leaf is not U-shaped.
- Habitat: Low woods, rich alluvial woods, floodplains, bottomlands.
- Habit: Tree up to 100 feet tall; trunk diameter up to 4 feet; crown broadly rounded.
- Bark: Dark gray, broken by narrow ridges into small scales.
- Twigs: Rather stout, reddish brown to gray, usually hairy when young, becoming smooth.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, pinnately divided into 5-11 pointed lobes, the sinuses cut no more
than half-way to the midvein, smooth and shiny on the upper surface, paler and with star-shaped
hairs on the lower surface, not U-shaped at the base, up to 10 inches long, up to 7 inches wide.
- Flowers: Male and female borne separately on the same plant, appearing when the leaves begin
to unfold; male flowers crowded into slender, drooping spikes; female flowers few together.
- Sepals: 0.
- Petals: 0.
- Stamens: 3-12.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Acorns solitary or 2 together, with or without a stalk, the nut ellipsoid, about 1/2 inch
long, enclosed for less than 1/3 its length by the cup.
- Notes: This tree is sometimes considered to be a distinct species. It has also been called swamp
spanish oak. The wood is used for interior finishing, furniture, and cabinets.
Previous Species -- Planer-tree (Planera aquatica)
Return to Species List -- Group 5
Next Species -- Laurel Oak (Quercus laurifolia)