Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Pinus elliottii Engelm.
- Family: Pine (Pinaceae)
- Pollen Shed: January-February
- Field Marks: This pine has needles 6 inches long or longer and in clusters of 2's and 3's. The
winter buds are brown, while those of the similar longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) are silvery tinged.
- Habitat: Flatwoods, low thickets, bayheads, shallow ponds, coastal sands.
- Habit: Tree up to 120 feet tall; trunk diameter up to 3 feet.
- Bark: Breaking into irregularly shaped plates.
- Twigs: Rather stout, roughened by the persistent scale leaves; winter buds brown, up to 3/4
inch in diameter.
- Leaves: Needles in clusters of 2's or 3's, rather stiff, the mature ones 6 inches long or longer.
- Male Cones: Deep purple, up to 3 inches long, up to 1/2 inch in diameter.
- Female Cones: Reddish brown, shiny, 2 1/2 -5 inches long, with a slender prickle on the scale.
- Notes: This pine is commonly planted in plantations, far from its original range.
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