Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Magnolia fraseri Walter
- Family: Magnolia (Magnoliaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This magnolia has auriculate leaf bases and 6-12 white or yellow petals 3-5 inches long.
- Habitat: Wooded bluffs, rich woods, swamps, along streams.
- Habit: Tree up to 50 feet tall; trunk diameter up to 2 feet; crown widely spreading.
- Bark: Dark brown, smooth, but eventually breaking up into small scales.
- Twigs: Red-brown and shiny at first, becoming gray, with tiny pale lenticels.
- Leaves: Alternate but crowded at the tip of the branches so as to appear whorled, simple,
deciduous, oblong to obovate, pointed or rounded at the tip, auriculate at the base, without teeth,
smooth, up to 20 inches long, up to 8 inches wide; leaf stalks smooth, up to 5 inches long.
- Flowers: Solitary, up to 10 inches across, fragrant; flower stalks stout, up to 1 1/2 inches long,
- Sepals: 3, petal-like, free from each other, up to 5 inches long, falling away as the flower opens.
- Petals: 6-12, white or yellow, free from each other, up to 4 inches long.
- Stamens: Numerous.
- Pistils: Several, free from each other, with superior ovaries.
- Fruits: Many follicles crowded together into a cone, rose red, up to 4 inches long, smooth; seeds
fleshy, up to 1/3 inch long.
- Notes: The large flowers and leaves account for the popularity of this species as an ornamental.
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