Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Lyonia mariana (L.) D. Don
- Family: Heath (Ericaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: The distinguishing features of this Lyonia are its deciduous leaves, angled stems,
and flowers 1/3-1/2 inch long.
- Habitat: Bayheads, savannas, flatwoods, bogs, cypress ponds.
- Habit: Colony-forming shrub up to 6 feet tall, with rhizomes.
- Stems: Slender, angled, branched, smooth.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, deciduous, elliptic to lance-elliptic, rounded or pointed at the tip,
tapering to the base, toothless, smooth on the upper surface, smooth or hairy on the veins on
the lower surface, up to 4 inches long, up to 2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Several in nodding, axillary clusters on the previous season's branches.
- Sepals: 5, purple-red, united at base, up to 1/3 inch long, persistent on the fruit.
- Petals: 5, white or pinkish, united into a tube 1/3-1/2 inch long.
- Stamens: 10.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid to conical, up to 1/4 inch long, usually smooth, brown with pale sutures;
seeds many, tiny, pale brown.
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